LAWS OF THE CITY OF KO-RO-BA

DISCLAIMER
These laws do not supercede or replace the required Terms of Service rules set forth by Linden Labs (Second Life). They are intended for a Gorean community and have nothing to do with real life events.

The sim named Ko-ro-ba is a Mature Adult sim and all rules and regulations of Linden Labs TOS must be adhered to and followed.


LAWS OF THE CITY OF KO-RO-BA


This set of Articles does not encompass the complete dictum of rules or laws that govern the city of Ko-ro-ba. That is an almost impossible task when it comes to the military rule of a City. Until the status quo of Gorean communities in this world is sufficient to merit a relook at government, the Ubar of Ko-ro-ba, Scar Statosky, declares the following to be a basis for governing in the City. The list is not all-inclusive, nor is it amendable by any other than the Ubar of Ko-ro-ba.

The enforcement of these Articles will not be by consent of some elected or appointed council, but rather by the command of the Ubar, either personally, or through His agents.

If there is doubt concerning how one should behave in Ko-ro-ba, due to a lack of clarity concerning this list, or the absence of some rule which might guide an action or judgement, the best action then is no action at all.

If you THINK your action may be wrong, then to the Ubar of Ko-ro-ba it probably is.

Extent of the Law

* The laws of Ko-ro-ba are applicable within the walls of Ko-ro-ba and over any lands outside those walls in which Ko-ro-ba exercises sovereignty, including any ports and banner keeps.
* Scar Statosky, Ubar of Ko-ro-ba, is currently the sole person who interprets, enforces and adjudicates any and all legal matters within Ko-ro-ba.
* The Initiate Caste within Ko-ro-ba possesses its own court system. Adjudication of religious matters is commonly deferred to the Initiate Caste.
* Ignorance of the law is not a valid defense in any legal proceedings.

Home Stone

* The theft of the Home Stone of Ko-ro-ba is punishable by extreme torture followed by impalement.
* A citizen of Ko-ro-ba who does not stand when speaking of their Home Stone may be legally slain by a Warrior of Ko-ro-ba. Such Warrior must personally witness the offense to be able to take action.

Citizenship

* A person may become a citizen of Ko-ro-ba through:
1. Making application and submitting it to the Scribe of the City
2. Having a current citizen of Ko-ro-ba vouch for their suitability
3. Giving an oath of allegiance to the Home Stone of Ko-ro-ba. In all cases, persons must be over the age of 18 to submit application for citizenship.
* Retaining your citizenship is contingent upon you attending certain public ceremonies and assemblies. Citizenship is a privilege, not a right, and thus it must be earned. You are expected to owe your primary allegiance to the city and work at supporting that city.
* Citizenship in Ko-ro-ba can be stripped of a person by the Ubar. If you are stripped of your citizenship, you will also be immediately expelled and exiled from the city.

Entrance into Ko-ro-ba

* Players, Poets, Musicians and Singers may freely enter Ko-ro-ba.
* Anyone who is disguised as a Player, Poet, Musician or Singer, and thus gains access to the city, is subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.
* Heralds, on official business, may freely enter Ko-ro-ba. Official heralds bear a gold slash on the left temple of their helmet or headgear.
* Anyone who is disguised as a herald, and thus gains access to the city, is subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.
* Assassins, bearing the mark of the black dagger on their forehead, are permitted entrance into Ko-ro-ba.
* Anyone who is disguised as an Assassin, and thus gains access to the city, is subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.
* All outlaws are forbidden entrance into Ko-ro-ba and subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.(exception is during ‘open’ events where all Goreans a permitted entry)
* Anyone inflicted with Dar-Kosis is considered to be legally dead and denied entrance into the city.

Addition on 05-12-08
Upon entering Ko-ro-ba, all weapons must be sheathed. No visitor is permitted to draw a weapon with hostile intent. If a weapon is drawn with the intent of doing a hostile act, the person will be banned from the city until an investigation is completed.

If the matter can be handled diplomatically by allowing the visitor to make a complaint against the citizen in the RIGHT fashion, this will be taken into consideration and a determination will be made by the Ubar of Ko-ro-ba…..no exceptions…

Immunity

* Officially recognized heralds and ambassadors possess legal immunity within Ko-ro-ba. Though they may not be prosecuted for their crimes, they still may be expelled from the city.
* If such individuals ever return to Ko-ro-ba after their expulsion, they will be considered to possess no legal immunity and thus subject to arrest.

Caste

* The High Castes of Ko-ro-ba number five, including: Initiates, Scribes, Builders, Physicians and Warriors.
* “A man who refused to practice his livelihood or strove to alter status without the consent of the Council of High Castes was, by definition, an outlaw and subject to impalement.” (Tarnsman of Gor, p.46)
* Panther girls and talunas are considered outlaws.
* A person may change their Caste by approval of the Ubar, and contingent on the approval of no less than three members of the new Caste.
* In a Free Companionship, the woman can opt to take the Caste of the man. The Caste will immediately accept her as a member though she may still be unable to actually practice the Caste. The man does not possess that same option.
* Children automatically take on the Caste of their father. (no persons under 18 are allowed in Ko-ro-ba)
* It is illegal to pretend to be of a Caste that one is not.
* Women in the Physician’s Caste cannot practice medicine until they have first bore two children. At age fifteen, women must place two bracelets on their left wrist. One will then be removed for each child that is born. (This rule does not allow persons under the age of 18 into the city, it merely states the Physician’s Caste rule of when the bracelet is placed.)
* Women of the Warrior’s Caste do not receive combat training.
* The Slavers’ Caste is a subcaste of the Merchants’ Caste.

Free Companionship

* A Free Companionship lasts for a single year. If it is not renewed by the twentieth Ahn of the anniversary date, it automatically dissolves.
* Slavery or the death of one of the parties will serve to dissolve the Companionship earlier than the one-year anniversary.
* A Free Companionship contract may be nullified earlier than one year with the permission of the Ubar.
* A woman does not change her name in a Free Companionship.
* A woman may retain her gens, the clan name, in a Free Companionship if it is specified in her Free Companion contract.
* In a Free Companionship, the woman can opt to take the Caste of the man. The man does not possess that same option.
* If a Free Companionship dissolves, any children of that union will remain with their father.
* A person may have only one Free Companion at a time.

Children

* No events of childbirth, either roleplay or otherwise, are permitted in the City. No children and /or no children in adult avatars and /or no adults in child avatars are permitted in the City. No childplay, no senarios involving children,, and no roleplay either depicting children or involving children are permitted in the City. The words “child” and “children” are defined as person or persons under the age of 18)

Crimes

* It is illegal to take any maps of Ko-ro-ba out of the city or for someone outside of the city to make their own map of Ko-ro-ba.
* Thievery is illegal and harshly punished. The first offense is punished by an ear notching. For a second offense, men are punished by the loss of their left hand and both feet while women are punished by enslavement. Thievery of all forms, from pick pocketing to fraud, is included here.
* It is a capital offense for a locksmith to make an unauthorized copy of a key.
* It is illegal for slaves to play Kaissa. (Ammended 08-17-10)
* The use of kanda as a mind-altering drug is illegal.
* Murder is prohibited.
* Arson is prohibited.
* Unlawful assaults are prohibited.
* The unlawful damage or destruction of another’s personal or real property is prohibited.
* Face stripping a free woman, forcefully removing her veils against her will is a serious crime.
* It is a crime to bring pleasure silk in contact with the flesh of a free woman. It is considered to be too exciting and sensuous.
* Any person apprehended wearing or possessing a tunic that is lined with a different color, which could be turned inside out to alter one’s identity, is subject to possible impalement.
* Forest fires are considered to be terrible disasters and the penalty for anyone who starts such a fire is to be burnt alive.

Merchant Laws

* Ko-ro-ba holds an official Merchant’s Foot and Stone in the Central Chamber and they are available for Merchants to verify their own personal measuring devices. Any Merchant found to be using a deceptive Foot or Stone will be punished.
* Patents and copyrights are available in Ko-ro-ba but their power extends only to territory claimed by Ko-ro-ba. This includes written material.
* Forgery of the official Ko-ro-ba city seal on mercantile products is illegal.
* Crests, signs and family emblems can be registered and their use legally restricted.
* Shaving or slicing off metal from any coin is considered to be theft and fraud.

Free Women

* Free Women are required to wear robes of concealment, excluding veils, within the city walls of Ko-ro-ba. Most women, by custom, will be seen in veils.
* Gorean Free Women seen wearing inappropriate clothing are subject to enslavement.
* Free women are prohibited from engaging in public displays of lewd and lascivious behavior. Violation of this law is punishable by enslavement.

Temples

* Weapons are not permitted within an Initiate temple.
* Slaves are not permitted within an Initiate temple.
* Non-Initiates may not enter the sanctuary area of an Initiate’s temple unless they have received the chrism of temporary permission.
* Initiate law takes precedence over civil law within all Initiate temples.

Insulae

* Individual insulae, tenements, may be constructed in Ko-ro-ba no higher
than 30 m.
* The central waste vat in all insulae must remain covered at all times.

Status of Slaves

* There are only two legal statuses: free and slave. If you are not legally owned, then you are considered to be free.
* Slaves are considered legal property, on the same level as animals. Their owner may do anything they wish to them without repercussion.
* When a person is collared, it cancels their past. They begin a new life as a slave and may not be held accountable for any crimes that occurred while they were free.
* It is illegal for a slave to own anything.
* It is a capital offense for a slave to wield any weapon. (This does not apply to common household items such as shaving razors and kitchen knives unless those items are used to attack a free person.)
* It is a capital offense for a slave to claim caste.
* It is a capital offense for a female slave to wear the garment of a free woman.
* It is illegal for a slave to wear veils.
* It is illegal for slaves to build structures.
* It is illegal for slaves to touch or handle legal documents.
* It is illegal for slaves to teach free people. By teaching someone, they are placed in your debt and nothing can be owed to a slave.
* The crime of false yielding is a capital offense. It is considered to be easy to detect, through infallible physiological signs.
* Slaves ko’lared by the city of Ko-ro-ba will be naked unless leaving the city.
* City slaves are not permitted outside the city’s gates unless accompanied by a free person or by specific permission of the Ubar.
* If a slave fails to kneel in the presence of a free person, it can be a capital offense, especially if the slave intentionally fails to do so. In that case, the slave may be tortured to death.
* Slaves are not permitted to speak the name of the Free in public.
* It is illegal for slaves to play Kaissa
* In any legal proceedings, the testimony of slaves may be taken by torture. This is solely in the discretion of the courts.
* Capture rights pertain to all property, including slaves. Active possession of a slave is regarded as crucial by the law. A slave must fully serve anyone who possesses her, even a thief. If the slave runs away from the thief, she is considered to be a runaway. Free women are permitted to escape from a captor as long as they have not yet been enslaved.
* If a lost, stolen or runaway slave is taken by another person, the original master has only one week to regain his property before legal title passes to the new master. The slave remains the property of the original master only for that one week if he does not regain possession.
* A person who is found to possess a stolen slave might not be convicted of any crime if they are truly ignorant of the fact that the slave was stolen.
* For a slave to runaway from her owner is a serious offense. For the first offense, the penalty is commonly a severe beating. But she is only allowed that single mistake. The penalty for a second offense is usually hamstringing. That will make her useless, but it is considered a good object lesson for other slaves.
* A slave, on threat of torture and impalement, must endure whatever abuse a free person cares to inflict on him.
* Any free person may discipline an insolent or errant slave, even one who is in the least bit displeasing. If the slave is killed or injured, the free person need only pay compensation to the master and only if the master requests such compensation. This does not give you the right to injure or kill someone else’s slave. It simply states the penalty for such a violation.
* If a slave strikes a free person, the penalty is commonly death by impalement, preceded by lengthy torture.
* A male slave may be slain for touching either a free woman or a female slave without permission.
* Female slaves must wear a visible token of their slavery within the city limits.
* The unauthorized rape of a slave girl, without the permission of her Master, is illegal in Ko-ro-ba.


Legal Imbondment

* Legal imbondment must be effectuated by the proper authorities of Ko-ro-ba. You may not act on your own to enslave a Free woman for a violation of any law of Ko-ro-ba. Free women who may have violated the law must be brought before the Ubar for a legal determination as to whether there has been a violation sufficient to warrant a reduction to slavery.
* An illegal imbondment is a serious offense, subject to penalties that can include enslavement or death.
* No Player, Musician, Poet or Singer Caste member may be enslaved within a city’s limits. This does not mean they are immune from prosecution from violating city law. They can still be arrested, imprisoned, tortured and executed. They are simply immune from enslavement
* A free woman can sell herself into slavery. But, once completed, she cannot then revoke it.
* If a captured free woman submits to her captor, she will become his slave.
* If a free woman submits herself to a particular man, when there is no capture, and she is refused, she continues to be free. However, if she is accepted, she becomes slave and the captor may do with her as he pleases, as He would any other slave.
* If a father cannot pay his debts, his daughter becomes a slave of the state. She will be put up for sale at public auction. The proceeds of her sale will be used to equitably satisfy the creditors.
* A free woman who cannot pay her debts will be enslaved. Under the redemption laws, a man can pay her debts and thus will then own her. If no one redeems her within a certain time period, she will be sold to Slavers.
* A free woman who couches with a slave she does not own, or readies herself to couch thusly, will become a slave herself, and owned by that slave’s Master.
* Free women may be legally enslaved if they engage in “conduct indicating suitability for the collar.”
* A free woman who kneels before a man AND addresses him as Master, effects legal imbondment on herself.
* A free woman may do a form of limited self-contracting where she legally becomes a slave for a specific time period, commonly ranging from one night to one year. She cannot end this contract earlier than the specified time period. Once the contract takes effect, she becomes a slave with no legal powers at all.
* According to Merchant Law, a captured person is considered to be a prisoner and not a slave, as long as they have not been branded, collared or performed a gesture of submission.

Inheritance

* If a person dies, his property passes according to his will. If the deceased did not have a will, then their property passes to their legal heirs. If the deceased has no legal heirs, then their property passes to the state.
* The statutory order of precedence for legal heirs is: Free Companion; Eldest Male Child; Father; Eldest Uncle; Eldest Female Child; Mother; Eldest Aunt.
* The estate of the deceased includes any and all slaves the deceased owned at the time of their demise.
* The property of one who becomes a slave is transferred to their legal heirs according to the same statutory order of precedence as if there were no will. If there are no legal heirs, then their property passes to the state. The property of a person who is enslaved will be transferred to the nearest male relative or the nearest relative if no male exists, or to the city, or a guardian.
* Even if the slave is later freed, the property cannot ever be recovered.

Sale of Slaves

* It is illegal to sell a slave, without the owner’s permission, that is not your own. The penalty varies according to the sex of the seller. For a man, it is exile, and for a woman, it is enslavement.
* It is illegal to offer an unbranded slave in a public sale.
* By recommendation of Merchant Law, there are three standard marking places for brands, on the left thigh, right thigh, and lower left abdomen. Slaves though may be branded on any part of their body.
* It is illegal to sell a slave as auburn haired if she is truly not so. It is a felony to forge or falsify pedigree papers on any slave. Such papers might include information on brand type, a number of different measurements, types of training received; a place for sales endorsements for when a girl changes hands and a remark section for miscellaneous information.

Freed Slaves

* Freed slaves require explicit papers of manumission or they may be enslaved again without repercussion. Freed slaves with pierced ears should be especially careful to hold onto their papers.

Punishments

* Punishments for violations of the laws of (City) will vary depending upon the nature of the law, the violation, the violator and any other relevant circumstances. Punishments may include, without limitation, fines, imprisonment, exile, torture, enslavement, impalement and execution. The most significant difference in the assessment of punishment is that enslavement is far more commonly apportioned to female criminals.

􀀀


The above Laws for the City of Ko-ro-ba were adapted from Laws for Gorean Cities prepared by Luther, well known Gorean philosopher and Scribe. The Ubar and the City of Ko-ro-ba thank him for his assistance with the Laws.

Since Ko-ro-ba is ruled militarily by virtue of the power of the Ubar, Scar Statosky, the final voice in interpretation of the Laws of the City, rather written or unwritten, are His and His alone.

The following are the writings of Luther and any of the Laws of Ko-ro-ba may be cross referenced back to them.

“More broadly, order and structure in human life, stability in society, even, in a sense, civilization itself, depends on sanctions. A civilization must be willing to impose sanctions, and to impose them reliably and efficiently. A lapse in such resolve and practice is a symptom of decline, even of impending disintegration. Ultimately civilization depends upon power, moral and physical, upon, so to speak, the will of masters and the reality of the whip and sword.”
(Magicians of Gor, p.124)

Extent of the Law
1. The laws of (City) are applicable within the walls of (City) and over any lands
outside those walls that (City) exercises sovereignty over, including any ports and banner keeps. “There is a saying on Gor that the laws of a city extend no further than its walls.” (Outlaw of Gor, p.50) This is one of the most basic principles of Gorean law yet it is more a generality than an absolute. For the most part, once you step outside the walls of a city, their city laws will no longer apply and the city will not protect you. But, there are exceptions to this rule. First, many cities claim do sovereignty over the lands surrounding their city. They may try to enforce their will upon the surrounding terrain. Tarn, tharlarion or infantry patrols often monitor the tenuous borders of a city’s claimed territory and either question, detain or kill non-citizens trying to enter their lands. That is only as effective as the strength of the city’s military forces. Second, there are certain locations located outside a city over which a city exercises full legal control, such as a banner keep. A banner keep is a Merchant Keep owned by a specific city, and governed by that city’s laws. Third, Merchant Law exists, that set of common laws that binds many of the cities of Gor. Merchant Law extends past city walls, protecting commerce.
2. (Name), (Ruler) of (City), is currently the sole person who interprets, enforces and adjudicates any and all legal matters within (City).
3. At some point, magistrates may be appointed within (City), including aediles, archons, executioners, praetors, prefects and quaestors. As legal matters apparently fall under the purview of the Scribe Caste, most magistrates likely belong to the Scribe Caste. Magistrates often wear special robes and fillets, ribbons, to denote their office. They may also carry a wand of their office and some of those wands may carry concealed blades. Magistrates are able to act as ex officio witnesses who can certify the legality of certain matters. They also can rule in certain legal matters without the need for a trial.
4. The Initiate Caste within (City) possesses its own court system. (City ruler) commonly defers jurisdiction to the Initiate Caste in purely religious matters.
5. Ignorance of the law is not a valid defense in any legal proceedings.

Home Stone
6. The theft of the Home Stone of (City) is punishable by extreme torture followed by death in boiling oil.
7. A citizen of (City) who does not stand when speaking of their Home Stone may be legally slain by a Warrior of (City). Such Warrior must personally witness the offense to be able to take action.

Government
8. (Name) is the duly elected Administrator of (City). He holds his office for a period of (#) years.
9. There is a High Council of (City) that consists of a duly elected representative from each of the five High Castes. They hold office for a term of (#) years. Each of the High Castes votes for its own Council member.
10. To have a quorum in the High Council, four of the five Council members must be present.
11. A unanimous vote of a quorum of the High Council can oust the Administrator from office.
12. Free Women of the Scribe, Builder and Physician Castes are eligible for election to a position on the High Council.

Citizenship
13. The nonperformance of the citizenship ceremony, within one year of reaching intellectual majority, is punishable by expulsion from the city. This applies only to those individuals born within (City) or born to citizens of (City). “The rationale seems to be that the community has a right to expect allegiance from its members.” (Vagabonds of Gor, p.303)
14. The specifics of the citizenship ceremony will vary from city to city. In some cities, there may be a requirement that other citizens, non-blood relations, must vouch for you. In other places, you might be questioned by a committee of citizens to determine your worthiness for citizenship. The oath of allegiance may involve the touching or kissing of the Home Stone, the swearing of oaths, and maybe even the sharing of bread, fire and salt. A laurel wreath and mantle of citizenship may then be conferred upon the new citizen.
15. The age of intellectual majority in (City) is 18 years old.
16. Non-citizens of (City) may apply to become a citizen of (City). Such candidates will be interviewed by the (City ruler) for their suitability in (City).
17. Retaining your citizenship is contingent upon you attending certain public ceremonies and assemblies. Citizenship is a privilege, not a right, and thus it must be earned. You are expected to owe your primary allegiance to the city and work at supporting that city. “Citizenship, or its retention, on other than a nominal basis, in some cities, is contingent on such things as attending public ceremonies, such as an official semi-annual taking of auspices, and participating in numerous public assemblies, some of which are called on short notice.” (Dancer of Gor, p.302-303)
18. “Citizenship in most Gorean communities is not something accrued in virtue of the accident of birth but earned in virtue of intent and application.” (Slave Girl of Gor, p.394)
19. Citizenship in (City) can be stripped of a person by the (City ruler). If you are stripped of your citizenship, you will also be immediately expelled and exiled from the city.
20. Every citizen of (City) must journey, at least once, to the Sardar Mountains before they are twenty-five years old. The Initiate Caste monitors who goes and who does not. The Initiates also teach that misfortunes will strike a city if their youth try to avoid this sacred obligation. Sometimes the Initiate Caste will ask a person to make the journey at a specific time. In some cities and islands, such as Teletus, your family will receive a gold tarn disk if you make the journey when the Initiates request it.
21. One of the benefits of citizenship is that it provides some protection against foreign creditors. This may be a part of Merchant Law.
22. The oath of disownment is a part of the Warrior Caste Codes as well as the rites of a city. In this irreversible ceremony, a family member is disowned. That family member loses all connection to their family, as well as losing their Caste. It appears that this oath is taken according to the Warrior Caste Codes by swearing upon the hilt of your sword. It is unknown how it is done according to city rites. The Ubar of a city took the oath on the medallion of his city. A common citizen would obviously need to use something else for such an oath.

Entrance into (City)
23. Anyone who enters (City) without permission is subject to arrest and subsequent impalement. “Pikes on the walls of Gorean cities are often surmounted with the remains of unwelcome guests.” (Outlaw of Gor, p.49)
24. Players, Poets, Musicians and Singers may freely enter (City).
25. Anyone who is disguised as a Player, Poet, Musician or Singer, and thus gains access to the city, is subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.
26. Heralds, on official business, may freely enter (City). Official heralds bear a gold slash on the left temple of their helmet or headgear.
27. Anyone who is disguised as a herald, and thus gains access to the city, is subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.
28. Assassins, bearing the mark of the black dagger on their forehead, are permitted entrance into (City).
29. Anyone who is disguised as an Assassin, and thus gains access to the city, is subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.
30. All outlaws are forbidden entrance into (City) and subject to arrest and subsequent impalement.
31. Anyone inflicted with Dar-Kosis is considered to be legally dead and denied entrance into the city. “Those who contract the disease are regarded by law as dead.” (Assassin of Gor, p.266)

Immunity
32. Officially recognized heralds and ambassadors possess legal immunity within (City). Though they may not be prosecuted for their crimes, they still may be expelled from the city.
33. If such individuals ever returns to (City) after their expulsion, they will be considered to possess no legal immunity and thus subject to arrest.

Caste
34. The High Castes of (City) number five, including: Initiates, Scribes, Builders, Physicians and Warriors. Each city determines which Castes and subcastes will be legally recognized. They will also determine which Caste will be recognized as High Castes. For example, there may be cities where the Merchants Caste, normally a Low Caste, is legally recognized as a High Caste.
35. “A man who refused to practice his livelihood or strove to alter status without the consent of the Council of High Castes was, by definition, an outlaw and subject to impalement.” (Tarnsman of Gor, p.46)
36. Panther girls and talunas are considered outlaws.
37. It is legally permissible to change one’s Caste though most Goreans would not willingly change their Caste, being proud of their Caste no matter how low it might be. To change your Caste, the Administrator must approve the change. It is also contingent on acceptance by the new Caste.
38. In a Free Companionship, the woman can opt to take the Caste of the man. The Caste will immediately accept her as a member though she may still be unable to actually practice the Caste. The man does not possess that same option.
39. Children automatically take on the Caste of their father.
40. It is illegal to pretend to be of a Caste that one is not. There is a crime of “attempting to deceive with respect to caste.” This encompasses such actions as engaging in business under false pretenses and claiming explicitly to be of a caste other than your own. Such deceptions most often occur when people pretend to be Physicians. This crime does not apply to all actions that are part of a Caste’s primary focus. For example, anyone, and not just a member of the Slaver’s Caste, can legally sell a slave. But, that same person cannot claim to be a member of the Slaver’s Caste if he is not.
41. Women in the Physician’s Caste cannot practice medicine until they have first bore two children. At age fifteen, women must place two bracelets on their left wrist. One will then be removed for each child that is born. (Persons under the age of 18 are not permitted in the city, hence, the bracelet must be placed and worn for three years before entering the city.)
42. Women of the Warrior’s Caste do not receive combat training.
43. The Slavers’ Caste is a subcaste of the Merchants’ Caste.

Time and Measurements
44. In the high cities of Gor, the length of each Ahn during a day are all of the same duration. In other cities, they divide a day into ten Ahn during the daytime and ten at nighttime. Thus, the length of each Ahn will vary by season though the day is the same length. Thus in summer, daytime Ahn are longer than nighttime Ahn.

Free Companionship
45. A Free Companionship lasts for a single year. If it is not renewed by the twentieth Ahn of the anniversary date, it automatically dissolves.
46. Slavery or the death of one of the parties will serve to dissolve the Companionship early than the one year anniversary.
47. A Free Companionship contract may be nullified earlier than one year with the permission of the (City ruler).
48. A woman does not change her name in a Free Companionship.
49. A woman may retain her gens, the clan name, in a Free Companionship if it is specified in her Free Companion contract.
50. In a Free Companionship, the woman can opt to take the Caste of the man. The man does not possess that same option.
51. If a Free Companionship dissolves, any children of that union will remain with their father.
52. A person may have only one Free Companion at a time.

Crimes
53. It is illegal to take any maps of (City) out of the city or for someone outside of the city to make their own map of (City).
54. Thievery is illegal and harshly punished. The first offense is punished by an ear notching. For a second offense, men are punished by the loss of their left hand and both feet while women are punished by enslavement. Thievery of all forms, from pick pocketing to fraud, is included here.
55. It is a capital offense for a locksmith to make an unauthorized copy of a key.
56. It is illegal for slaves and Free Women to play Kaissa.
57. The use of kanda as a mind-altering drug is illegal.
58. Murder is prohibited.
59. Arson is prohibited.
60. Unlawful assaults are prohibited.
61. The unlawful damage or destruction of another’s personal or real property is prohibited.
62. Face stripping a free woman, forcefully removing her veils against her will, is a serious crime.
63. In some cities, it is a crime to bring pleasure silk in contact with the flesh of a free woman. It is considered to be too exciting and sensuous.
64. Any person apprehended wearing or possessing a tunic that is lined with a different color, which could be turned inside out to alter one’s identity, is subject to possible impalement.
65. Forest fires are considered to be terrible disasters and the penalty for anyone who starts such a fire is to be burnt alive.

Merchant Laws
66. Merchant Law is a joint legal agreement between the various Merchant Castes of different cities that permits commerce to exist much more easily on Gor. Such law is enforced within the city.
67. There are Merchant magistrates who belong to the Merchant Caste and not the Scribe Caste. Merchant magistrates wear white robes, trimmed with gold and purple.
68. (City) holds an official Merchant’s Foot and Stone in the Central Chamber and they are available for Merchants to verify their own personal measuring devices. Any Merchant found to be using a deceptive Foot or Stone will be punished.
69. Patents, which cover inventions, and copyrights, which cover written materials, are available in (City) but their power extends only to territory claimed by (City).
70. Crests, signs and family emblems can be registered and their use will be legally restricted.
71. Forgery of the official (City) city seal on mercantile products is illegal.
72. Crests, signs and family emblems can be registered and their use legally restricted.
73. Shaving or slicing off metal from any coin is considered to be theft and fraud.
74. For legal and commercial purposes, certain letters have been standardized. These would include those representing weights and measures, as well as the “kef.”
75. Instruments of debt can be transferred, usually for some discounted amount, and the transferee can then attempt to collect on the face value of the instruments. Bounty creditors often avail themselves of this opportunity.

Free Women
76. Robes of concealment and veils may or may not be required by law for free women. In some cities, such as Ar and Ar’s Station, it is only custom while in others it is actual law. In some cities, an unveiled free woman is susceptible to being taken into custody by guardsmen, then to be veiled, by force if necessary. Repeated offenses can even lead to enslavement. Even where it is only custom, it is strongly recommended that all free women wear robes and veils in public.
77. In cities where robes and veils for free women are not legally mandatory, there are other pertinent laws restricting how much bare skin a free woman may show. If too much skin is shown, then the woman is subject to possible enslavement. “If you would be stripped as a slave, then be a slave, it is said.” (Dancer of Gor, p.157)
78. Free women are prohibited from engaging in public displays of lewd and lascivious behavior. Violation of this law is punishable by enslavement.

Temples
81. Weapons are not permitted within an Initiate temple.
82. Slaves are not permitted within an Initiate temple.
83. Non-Initiates may not enter the sanctuary area of an Initiate’s temple unless they have received the chrism of temporary permission.
84. Initiate law takes precedence over civil law within all Initiate temples.

Insulae
85. Insulae, tenements, may be constructed no higher in a city than a certain height. That height restriction will vary from city to city.
86. The central waste vat in all insulae must remain covered at all times.

Status of Slaves
87. There are only two legal statuses: free and slave. If you are not legally owned, then you are considered to be free.
88. Slaves are considered legal property, on the same level as animals. Their owner may do anything they wish to them without repercussion.
89. When a person is collared, it cancels their past. They begin a new life as a slave and may not be held accountable for any crimes that occurred while they were free. “The collar, by Gorean law, cancelled the past.”
90. It is illegal for a slave to own anything. Even though they may use goods, they do not own them. Such items remain the property of the slave’s owner. No matter what gifts a slave may receive, they cannot own such gifts. Those gifts too would belong to the slave’s owner. A slave does not even own their own name. Their owner can change their name at will, and as often as they desire. “Indeed, from the Gorean’s point of view, one of the most fearful things about slavery is that one loses one’s name. That name which he has had from birth, by which he has called himself and knows himself, that name which is so much a part of his own conception of himself, of his own true and most intimate identity, is suddenly gone.” (Outlaw of Gor, p.197)
91. It is a capital offense for a slave to wield any weapon. (This does not apply to common household items such as shaving razors and kitchen knives unless those items are used to attack a free person.)
92. It is a capital offense for a slave to claim caste.
93. It is a capital offense for a female slave to wear the garment of a free woman.
94. It is illegal for a slave to wear veils.
95. It is illegal for slaves to build most items.
96. It is illegal for slaves to touch or handle legal documents.
97. It is illegal for slaves to teach free people. By teaching someone, they are placed in your debt and nothing can be owed to a slave.
98. The crime of false yielding is a capital offense. It is considered to be easy to detect, through infallible physiological signs.
99. Slaves are not permitted outside a city’s gates unless accompanied by a free person.
100. Slaves are not permitted on the city streets after nightfall.
101. If a slave fails to kneel in the presence of a free person, it can be a capital offense, especially if the slave intentionally fails to do so. In that case, the slave may be tortured to death.
102. Slaves may not touch or handle money. This is not applicable in all cities.
103. It is illegal for slaves to play Kaissa. It is considered an insult to free men, not only for a slave to play but even to touch the pieces. A slave might have their hands cut off or be killed for touching Kaissa pieces without permission.
104. In any legal proceedings, the testimony of slaves may be taken by torture. This is solely in the discretion of the courts.
105. Capture rights pertain to all property, including slaves. Active possession of a slave is regarded as crucial by the law. A slave must fully serve anyone who possesses her, even a thief. If the slave runs away from the thief, she is considered to be a runaway. Free women are permitted to escape from a captor as long as they have not yet been enslaved. “The average man of this world would no more think of stealing a slave within his own city, or a host city, one which has extended the courtesy of its walls, than he would of any other act of illicit and dishonorable brigandage.” (Witness of Gor, p.497)
106. If a lost, stolen or runaway slave is taken by another person, the original master has only one week to regain his property before legal title passes to the new master. The slave remains the property of the original master only for that one week if he does not regain possession.
107. A person who is found to possess a stolen slave might not be convicted or any crime if they are truly ignorant of fact that the slave was stolen.
108. For a slave to runaway from her owner is a serious offense. For the first offense, the penalty is commonly a severe beating. But she is only allowed that single mistake. The penalty for a second offense is usually hamstringing. That will makes her useless, but it is considered a good object lesson for other slaves.
109. A child, born of a slave, becomes a slave and belongs to the mother’s owner. The key to this law is the status of the mother at the time of birth, not conception. By the law of Tharna, a person conceived by a free person on another free person is a free person, even if later carried and borne by a slave. Thus, slaves would often be temporarily freed for the purpose of conception and then re-enslaved afterwards.
110. A slave, on threat of torture and impalement, must endure whatever abuse a free person cares to inflict on him.
111. Any free person may discipline an insolent or errant slave, even one who is in the least bit displeasing. If the slave is killed or injured, the free person need only pay compensation to the master and only if the master requests such compensation. This does not give you the right to injure or kill someone else’s slave. It simply states the penalty for such a violation. “One did not have the right, for example, to kill or maim the slave of another, any more than any other domestic animal which might belong to someone else. In this sense the slave is accorded some protection from free persons who do not own her in virtue of certain general considerations of property law.” (Magicians of Gor, p.330)
112. If a slave strikes a free person, the penalty is commonly death by impalement, preceded by lengthy torture.
113. A male slave may be slain for touching either a free woman or a female slave without permission.
114. Female slaves must wear a visible token of their slavery within the city limits. Male slaves are usually exempt from this law because it is thought that it would not be beneficial for male slaves to understand their true numbers. There are worries of slave revolt.
115. The unauthorized rape of slave girls, without the permission of her master, is officially frowned on, and even illegal in some cities, but it is often ignored. Such actions are not uncommon in peasant villages. Sometimes such actions are even encouraged. Such encouragement may be done to pacify the natural aggressions of male youths, aggressions that might otherwise result in destructive behavior. It may also be a means to encourage manhood as well as to protect free women from their attentions. Slave owners who are truly worried about such unauthorized slave rape should keep their slaves inside or put them in iron belts.

Legal Imbondment
116. Legal imbondment must be effectuated by the proper authorities of (City), i.e. the Administrator. You may not act on your own to enslave a Free woman for a violation of any law of (City). Free women who may have violated the law must be brought before a magistrate or judge for a legal determination as to whether there has been a violation sufficient to warrant a reduction to slavery.
117. An illegal imbondment is a serious offense, subject to penalties that can include enslavement or death.
118. No Player, Musician, Poet or Singer Caste member may be enslaved within a city’s limits. This does not mean they are immune from prosecution from violating city law. They can still be arrested, imprisoned, tortured and executed. They are simply immune from enslavement. “There is a saying to the effect that he who makes music must, like the tarn and the Vosk gull, be free.” (Kajira of Gor, p.298)
119. A free woman can sell herself into slavery. But, once completed, she cannot then revoke it.
120. If a captured free woman submits to her captor, she will become his slave. “It had been within the context of his capture rights that she had, as a free woman, of her own free will, pronounced upon herself a formula of enslavement. Automatically then, in virtue of the context, she became his. The law is clear on this. The matter is more subtle when the woman is not within a context of capture rights.” (Players of Gor, p.21)
121. A free woman who submits to a particular man, when there is no capture involved, may or may not become a slave. This will be dependent upon city law. “The matter is more subtle when the woman is not within a context of capture rights. Here the matter differs from city to city. In some cities, a woman may not, with legal recognition, submit herself to a specific man as a slave, for in those cities that is interpreted as placing at least a temporary qualification on the condition of slavery which condition, once entered into, all cities agree, is absolute. In such cities, then, the woman makes herself a slave, unconditionally. It is then up to the man in question whether or not he will accept her as his slave. In this matter he will do as he pleases. In any event, she is by then a slave, and only that.” (Players of Gor, p.21) The alternative view is: “In other cities, and in most cities, on the other hand, a free woman, may, with legal tolerance, submit herself as a slave to a specific man. If he refuses her, she is then still free. If he accepts her, she is then, categorically, a slave, and he may do with her as he pleases, even selling her or giving her away, or slaying her, if he wishes.” (Players of Gor, p.21)
122. If a father cannot pay his debts, his daughter becomes a slave of the state. She will be put up for sale at public auction. The proceeds of her sale will be used to equitably satisfy the creditors.
123. A free woman who cannot pay her debts will be enslaved. Under the redemption laws, a man can pay her debts and thus will now own her. If no one redeems her within a certain time period, she will be sold to Slavers.
124. “Any free woman who couches with another’s slave, or readies herself to couch with another’s slave, becomes herself a slave, and the slave of the slave’s master.” (Magicians of Gor, p.7) This is known as the “couching law” and exists in Ar, though it may have been adopted by other cities as well. There are clearly though some cities, like Vonda, that do not have such a law because reference is made to free women freely lending their male slaves to a female guest. The couching law does not prevent a woman from having sex with a slave she owns. It is important to note that a violation can occur even though actual sex never occurs. Simply preparing to have sex is sufficient. “By such an act, the couching with, or readying herself to couch with, a slave, as though she might be a girl of the slave’s master, thrown to the slave, she shows herself as no more than a slave, and in this act, in law, becomes a slave.” (Magicians of Gor, p.303).
125. Free women may be legally enslaved if they engage in “conduct indicating suitability for the collar.” “The principle he had alluded to pertains to conduct in a free woman which is taken as sufficient to warrant her reduction to slavery. The most common application of this principle occurs in areas such as fraud and theft. Other applications may occur, for example, in cases of indigency and vagrancy. Prostitution, rare on Gor because of female slaves, is another case. The women are taken, enslaved, cleaned up and controlled. Indulgence in sensuous dance is another case. Sensuous dance is almost always performed by slaves on Gor. A free woman who performs such dancing publicly is almost begging for the collar. In some cities the sentence of bondage is mandatory for such a woman.” (Renegades of Gor, p.372). Other actions can qualify as well. “In many cities, such actions, attempting to spy on masters and slaves, disguising oneself as a slave, garbing oneself as a slave, even in the supposed secrey of one’s own compartments, lingering about slave shelves and markets, even exhibiting an interest in, or fascination with, bondage, can result in a reduction to bondage. The theory is apparently that such actions and interests are those of a slave, and that the female who exhibits them should, accordingly, be imbonded.” (Magicians of Gor, p.50) Even wearing slave beads could be a reason for enslavement. This principle only deals with actions and not thoughts. “Conduct indicating suitability for the collar, of course, can be interpreted in various ways, and more broadly and narrowly. It is almost always understood, of course, fortunately for women, and as I suppose the phrase itself makes clear, in the special legal sense of the phrase, as having to do with overt behavior rather than psychological predispositions and such.” (Renegades of Gor, p.372)
126. There is no legal justification that permits a woman to be collared simply because she insults or disrespects someone.
127. In some cities, a free woman who kneels before a man or addresses him as Master effects legal imbondment on herself. Such actions are considered to be gestures of submission.
128. A free woman may do a form of limited self-contracting where she legally becomes a slave for a specific time period, commonly ranging from one night to one year. She cannot end this contract earlier than the specified time period. Once the contract takes effect, she becomes a slave with no legal powers at all. This curious contractual arrangement is not described in great detail. It raises numerous legal dilemmas that can only be speculated about. The books do not state that the contract covers any contigencies or limits the slavery in any way. The woman becomes an actual slave. That would seem to mean she could be freely killed. What would happen is she was sold? Does the contract prevent that? Would the time period still apply if she was sold? What would happen if she was stolen?
129. “And yet it was not a strange thing, particularly not on Gor, where bravery is highly esteemed and to save a female’s life is in effect to win title to it, for it is the option of a Gorean male to enslave any woman whose life he has saved, a right which is seldom denied even by the citizens of the girl’s city or her family. Indeed, there have been cases in which a girl’s brothers have had her clad as a slave, bound in slave bracelets, and handed over to her rescuer, in order that the honor of the family and her city not be besmirched.” (Priest-Kings of Gor, p.161) It is unknown whether this is codified in city law or whether it simply exists as custom.
130. According to Merchant Law, a person is considered to be a prisoner and not a slave, as long as they have not been branded, collared or performed a gesture of submission.
131. Earth girls do not have a Home Stone so there are no legalities that prevent their capture and enslavement.

Inheritance
132. If a person dies, his property passes according to his will. If the deceased did not have a will, then their property passes to their legal heirs. If the deceased has no legal heirs, then their property passes to the state.
133. The statutory order of precedence for legal heirs is: Free Companion; Eldest Male Child; Father; Eldest Uncle; Eldest Female Child; Mother; Eldest Aunt.
134. The estate of the deceased includes any and all slaves the deceased owned at the time of their demise.
135. The property of one who becomes a slave is transferred to their legal heirs according to the same statutory order of precedence as if there were no will. If there no legal heirs, then their property passes to the state. The property of a person who is enslaved will be transferred to the nearest male relative or the nearest relative if no male exists, or to the city, or a guardian.
136. Even if the slave is later freed, the property cannot ever be recovered.

Sale of Slaves
137. It is illegal to sell a slave, without the owner’s permission, that is not your own. The penalty varies according to the sex of the seller. For a man, it is exile, and for a woman, it is enslavement.
138. It is illegal to offer an unbranded slave in a public sale.
139. By recommendation of Merchant Law, there are three standard marking places for brands, on the left thigh, right thigh, and lower left abdomen. Slaves though may be branded on any part of their body.
140. It is illegal to sell a slave as auburn haired if she is truly not so. It is a felony to forge or falsify pedigree papers on any slave. Such papers might include information on brand type, a number of different measurements, types of training received; a place for sales endorsements for when a girl changes hands and a remark section for miscellaneous information.
141. Certifications of heat are unenforceable within (City). A certification of a slave girl’s heat may be given in certain cities. Her degree of heat will be listed on the sale documents. It is done in few cities though because of the potential for fraud on the part of the buyer. A buyer might use a girl for a month and then seek a refund based on the guarantee of her level of heat.

Freed Slaves
142. Freed slaves require explicit papers of manumission or they may be enslaved again without repercussion. Freed slaves with pierced ears should be especially careful to hold onto their papers.

Punishments
143. Punishments for violations of the laws of (City) will vary depending upon the nature of the law, the violation, the violator and any other relevant circumstances. Punishments may include, without limitation, fines, imprisonment, exile, maiming, mutilation, torture, enslavement, impalement and execution. The most significant difference in the assessment of punishment is that enslavement is far more commonly apportioned to female criminals.

“Before the sword,” he said, “there is no right, no wrong, only fact-a world of what is and what is not, rather than a world of what should be and what should not be. There is no justice until the sword creates it, establishes it, guarantees it, gives it substance and significance.” He lifted the weapon, wielding the heavy metal blade as though it were a straw. “First the sword-” he said, “then government-then law-then justice.”
(Tarnsman of Gor, p.156)